On sense and reference
In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Arguing About Language. Routledge. pp. 36--56 (2010)
Equality1 gives rise to challenging questions which are not altogether easy to answer. Is it a relation? A relation between objects, or between names or signs of objects? In my Begriffsschrift I assumed the latter. The reasons which seem to favour this are the following: a = a and a = b are obviously statements of differing cognitive value; a = a holds a priori and, according to Kant, is to be labeled analytic, while statements of the form a = b often contain very valuable extensions of our knowledge and cannot always be established a priori. The discovery that the rising sun is not new every morning, but always the same, was one of the most fertile astronomical discoveries. Even to-day the identification of a small planet or a comet is not always a matter of course. Now if we were to regard equality as a relation between that which the names ‘a’ and ‘b’ designate, it would seem that a = b could not differ from a = a (i.e. provided a = b is true). A relation would thereby be expressed of a thing to itself, and indeed one in which each thing stands to itself but to no other thing. What is intended to be said by a = b seems to be that the signs or names ‘a’ and ‘b’ designate the same thing, so that those signs themselves would be under discussion; a relation between them would be asserted. But this relation would hold between the names or signs only in so far as they named or designated something. It would be mediated by the connexion of each of the two signs with the same designated thing. But this is arbitrary. Nobody can be forbidden to use any arbitrarily producible event or object as a sign for something. In that case the sentence a = b would no longer refer to the subject matter, but only to its mode of designation; we would express no proper knowledge by its means. But in many cases this is just what we want to do. If the sign ‘a’ is distinguished from the sign ‘b’ only as object (here, by means of its shape), not as sign (i.e. not by the manner in which it designates something), the cognitive value of a = a becomes essentially equal to that of a = b, provided a = b is true..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Factive Presupposition and the Truth Condition on Knowledge.Allan Hazlett - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (4):461-478.
On the Linguistic Complexity of Proper Names.Ora Matushansky - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):573-627.
A Prosentential Theory of Truth.Dorothy L. Grover, Joseph L. Kamp & Nuel D. Belnap - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (1):73--125.
Similar books and articles
Symbolic Processes and Stimulus Equivalence.Ullin T. Place - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (3-1):13 - 30.
Peirce's Direct, Non-Reductive Contextual Theory of Names.David W. Agler - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (4):611-640.
About Signs and Symptoms: Can Semiotics Expand the View of Clinical Medicine?John Nessa - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).
Frege on Truth and Judgment.Peter Pagin - 2001 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 8 (1):1-13.
Sign, Sign, Everywhere a Sign! [REVIEW]Kenneth A. Taylor - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):703–709.
'Meaning is Use' in the Tractatus.Paul Livingston - 2004 - Philosophical Investigations 27 (1):34–67.
'Latinos', 'Hispanics', and 'Iberoamericans': Naming or Describing?Susana Nuccetelli - 2001 - Philosophical Forum 32 (2):175–188.
Added to index2009-09-15
Total downloads116 ( #39,359 of 2,113,172 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #202,542 of 2,113,172 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.