Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):442–480 (2006)

Authors
Patrick Frierson
Whitman College
Abstract
As J. Baird Callicott has argued, Adam Smith's moral theory is a philosophical ancestor of recent work in environmental ethics. However, Smith's "all important emotion of sympathy" (Callicott, 2001, p. 209) seems incapable of extension to entities that lack emotions with which one can sympathize. Drawing on the distinctive account of sympathy developed in Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments, as well as his account of anthropomorphizing nature in "History of Astronomy and Physics," I show that sympathy with non-sentient nature is possible within a Smithian ethics. This provides the possibility of extending sympathy, and thereby benevolence and justice, to nature.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-0114.2006.00271.x
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Adam Smith’s Economic and Ethical Consideration of Animals.Nathaniel Wolloch - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (3):52-67.
The Limits of Sympathetic Concern and Moral Consideration in Adam Smith.Ryan Pollock - 2019 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 36 (3):257-277.

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