Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology


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Abstract
Through philosophical analysis of Montessori’s critiques of psychology, I aim to show the enduring relevance of those critiques. Maria Montessori sees experimental psychology as fundamental to philosophy and pedagogy, but she objects to the experimental psychology of her day in four ways: as disconnected from practice, as myopic, as based excessively on methods from physical sciences, and—most fundamentally—as offering detailed examinations of human beings (particularly children) under abnormal conditions. In place of these prevailing norms, Montessori suggests a model of the teacher-scientist in a specially prepared environment, who can engage in sustained and impassioned observation of “normalized” children. Drawing from a variety of texts and recently published lectures, this article lays out Montessori’s philosophy of experimental psychology and briefly discusses its relevance today.
Keywords experimental psychology  Montessori  child psychology  experiment  pedagogy  psychology
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DOI 10.1086/682395
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Rousseau's Virtue Epistemology.Ryan Patrick Hanley - 2012 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (2):239-263.

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