Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology

Through philosophical analysis of Montessori’s critiques of psychology, I aim to show the enduring relevance of those critiques. Maria Montessori sees experimental psychology as fundamental to philosophy and pedagogy, but she objects to the experimental psychology of her day in four ways: as disconnected from practice, as myopic, as based excessively on methods from physical sciences, and—most fundamentally—as offering detailed examinations of human beings (particularly children) under abnormal conditions. In place of these prevailing norms, Montessori suggests a model of the teacher-scientist in a specially prepared environment, who can engage in sustained and impassioned observation of “normalized” children. Drawing from a variety of texts and recently published lectures, this article lays out Montessori’s philosophy of experimental psychology and briefly discusses its relevance today.
Keywords experimental psychology  Montessori  child psychology  experiment  pedagogy  psychology
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1086/682395
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 49,096
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Rousseau's Virtue Epistemology.Ryan Patrick Hanley - 2012 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (2):239-263.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Maria Montessori's Epistemology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):767-791.
The Montessori Method.Maria Montessori - 1912 - Dover Publications.
Science and Psychology.İlham Dilman - 1996 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 41:145-164.
Editorial: Psychology and Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe, Tania Lombrozo & Edouard Machery - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):157-160.
The Present Position in Psychology.James Drever - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):311 - 319.
Critical Comments on Experimental, Discursive, and General Social Psychology.Gustav Jahoda - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):341-360.
A Wittgensteinian Study of Experimental Psychology.Christopher A. Hoyt - 1998 - Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago
Intuitions, Counter-Examples, and Experimental Philosophy.Max Deutsch - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (3):447-460.
The Relations of Individual and Experimental Psychology to Social Psychology.Joseph Kinmont Hart - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9 (7):169-176.
A Reply to Dr. Razran.A. A. Campbell - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (2):227-233.


Added to PP index

Total views
61 ( #149,028 of 2,311,308 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
11 ( #65,603 of 2,311,308 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature