Equating innocent threats and bystanders

Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):277-290 (2008)
Abstract
abstract   Michael Otsuka claims that it is impermissible to kill innocent threats because doing so is morally equivalent to killing bystanders. I show that Otsuka's argument conflates killing as a means with treating a person herself as a means. The killing of a person can be a means only if that person is instrumental in the threat to Victim's life. A permission to kill a person as a means will not permit killing bystanders. I also defend a permission to kill innocent threats against Otsuka's Trolley Cases. Otsuka depicts a person tied to an oncoming trolley as a bystander. I argue that such characters are threats whom Victim can permissibly kill.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5930.2008.00406.x
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Targeting Human Shields.Amir Saemi & Philip Atkins - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
Proportionality and Self-Defense.Suzanne Uniacke - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (3):253-272.
On Killing Threats as a Means.Andrew P. Ross - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):869-876.
Recent Work on the Ethics of Self-Defense.Tyler Doggett - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (4):220-233.

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