The Death of Socrates

Philosophical Papers 44 (1):39-59 (2015)
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Abstract

In Phaedo, Plato shows the grace of a true courage which can affirm life even in death. Socrates’ courage is not that of the martyr, grounded on a belief in divine reward; his is the courage of the philosopher who knows that he does not know. In his self-reflexive striving to be a person who strives for wisdom, Socrates dissipates the fear of death by dissolving the presumption on which this fear is based, and reframing death as an opportunity for knowledge. Socrates’ courage is therefore founded on an epistemic hope that is embodied in the very activity of philosophy

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Dylan Futter
University of the Witwatersrand

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References found in this work

Plato: Complete Works.J. M. Cooper (ed.) - 1997 - Hackett.
Philosophy as a way of life: spiritual exercises from Socrates to Foucault.Pierre Hadot - 1997 - Malden, MA: Blackwell. Edited by Arnold I. Davidson.
The gay science.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - 1882 - New York,: Vintage Books. Edited by Walter Arnold Kaufmann.
What is ancient philosophy?Pierre Hadot - 2002 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
The courage to be.Paul Tillich - 1952 - New Haven: Yale University Press. Edited by Peter J. Gomes.

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