European Journal of Physics 34 (2):371-382 (2013)

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Abstract
The history and use of the acronym ‘BCS’ (named after Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer) in the science of superconductivity is traced and analysed. It is shown that a number of different theories are labelled ‘BCS’. The confusion in the application of the term ‘BCS’ is shown to be common because the term ‘theory’ itself is not precisely defined in physics. Recommendations are given to physics readers and students on how to distinguish between various theories referred to as ‘BCS’. Contributions from scientists in different laboratories to the creation and formation of the superconductivity theory are indicated.
Keywords 'BCS' term  superconductivity  physical theory  philosophy of current physics
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Science: A 'Dappled World' or a 'Seamless Web'? [REVIEW]Philip W. Anderson - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (3):487-494.
Strongly Anisotropic s-Wave Gaps in Exotic Superconductors.B. H. Brandow - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (21):2487-2519.
Handbook of Philosophy of Science.Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman - 2007 - In Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman (eds.), Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.

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