Social Science Information 46 (2):355-376 (2007)

English This study aims to investigate how affective states are described in the Old Testament. Three psychology researchers were asked to read the first five books of the first Italian version of the Old Testament and to select all the terms that referred to an emotion or a feeling. For each selected term, they also had to pinpoint its position in the text and the various characteristics of the affective episode in which it appeared. The textual analysis showed that the affective terms most frequently cited referred to four categories: “fear, awe”, “anger, hate”, “affliction, pain, sadness” and “love, joy, happiness”. These categories were significantly associated with specific instrumental behaviors and characters of the narration. Multivariate analysis also indicated that the frequency of citation of the affective categories varied significantly as a function of the book in which they appeared. In the conclusions, the authors discuss the conception of emotions and feelings issuing from the Pentateuch analysis. French L'article se propose d'analyser de quelle manière les expériences affectives sont décrites et évaluées dans la Bible. On a demandé à trois chercheurs psychologues de lire les cinq premiers livres de la première version italienne de la Bible et d'y sélectionner tous les termes se référant à des expériences affectives. Pour chaque terme sélectionné, ils devaient aussi indiquer sa position dans le texte et les différentes composantes de l'épisode au cours duquel l'émotion ou le sentiment étaient expérimentés. Les résultats de la sélection ont mis en évidence que les termes affectifs les plus fréquents se réfèrent à quatre catégories d'émotions, à savoir, dans l'ordre, la peur, la colère, la tristesse, la joie. Ces émotions sont expérimentées à des fréquences différentes par les principaux personnages de la narration. L'émotion le plus souvent expérimentée par Dieu est la colère et par les différents personnages humains, la peur. Aucune évaluation morale négative quant aux expériences affectives n'émerge de l'analyse du texte. L'analyse multivariée met en évidence le fait que la fréquence des citations des catégories émotionnelles change sensiblement en fonction des cinq livres du Pentateuque. Dans leurs conclusions, les auteurs examinent la conception implicite des émotions et des sentiments qui semble émerger du Pentateuque.
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DOI 10.1177/0539018407076653
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References found in this work BETA

The Emotions.Nico H. Frijda - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
The Rationality of Emotion.Ronald DE SOUSA - 1987 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (4):302-303.
Concept of Emotion Viewed From a Prototype Perspective.Beverley Fehr & James A. Russell - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113 (3):464-486.
The Rationality of Emotion.William Lyons - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (3):631-633.

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