Philosophy of Science 70 (5):989-1001 (2003)
At least below the level of species, biological populations are not mind‐independent objects that scientists discover. Rather, biological populations are pragmatically constructed as objects of investigation according to the aims, interests, and values that inform particular research contexts. The relations among organisms that are constitutive of population‐level phenomena (e.g., mating propensity, genealogy, and competition) occur as matters of degree and so give rise to statistically defined open‐ended biological systems. These systems are rendered discrete units to satisfy practical needs and theoretical preferences associated with specific contexts of investigation. While it may be possible to defend a realist position regarding biological relations among organisms, biological populations are “made” when contextual features determine which kinds and degrees of relations to privilege over others, and so how to bound genes in space and time. Consequently, the objectivity of population‐based approaches to species genome diversity cannot rest in the mind‐independence of populations themselves.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
The Mind, the Lab, and the Field: Three Kinds of Populations in Scientific Practice.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther, Ryan Giordano, Michael D. Edge & Rasmus Nielsen - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:12-21.
Thinking About Populations and Races in Time.Roberta L. Millstein - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:5-11.
Population Pluralism and Natural Selection.Jacob Stegenga - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axu003.
Deep Conventionalism About Evolutionary Groups.Matthew J. Barker & Joel D. Velasco - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):971-982.
Similar books and articles
Large-Scale Biological Entities and the Evolutionary Process.Niles Eldredge - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:551-566.
The Biological Species as a Gene-Flow Community. Species Essentialism Does Not Imply Species Universalism.Werner Kunz & Markus Werning - unknown
Influence of Individual Aggressiveness on the Dynamics of Competitive Populations.Eva Sanchez, Pierre Auger & Rafael Bravo de la Parra - 1997 - Acta Biotheoretica 45 (3-4):321-333.
Taxonomy, Polymorphism, and History: An Introduction to Population Structure Theory.Marc Ereshefsky & Mohan Matthen - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):1-21.
Numerical Bifurcation Analysis of Ecosystems in a Spatially Homogeneous Environment.B. W. Kooi - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3):189-222.
Measure and Representation of the Genetic Similarity Between Populations by the Percentage of Isoactive Genes.Alicia Sánchez-Mazas, Laurent Excoffier & André Langaney - 1986 - Theoria 2 (1):143-154.
A Gene's Eye View of Darwinian Populations.David Queller - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):905-913.
Populations with Explicit Borders in Space and Time: Concept, Terminology, and Estimation of Characteristic Parameters.Manfred A. Pfeifer, Klaus Henle & Josef Settele - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (4):305-316.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads53 ( #94,244 of 2,143,561 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #386,858 of 2,143,561 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.