Neuroquantology 1 (1):4-9 (2001)

Shan Gao
Shanxi University
We show that consciousness may violate the basic quantum principle, according to which the nonorthogonal quantum states can't be distinguished. This implies that the physical world is not causally closed without consciousness, and consciousness is a fundamental property of matter.
Keywords consciousness  panpsychism  quantum mechanics
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2003
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,979
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Conscious Events as Orchestrated Space-Time Selections.Stuart R. Hameroff & Roger Penrose - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):36-53.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Quantum Theory of Consciousness.Shan Gao - 2007 - Minds and Machines 18 (1):39-52.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
310 ( #33,833 of 2,504,866 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #209,949 of 2,504,866 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes