Journal of Semantics 7 (4):379-393 (1990)

Alan Garnham
University of Sussex
One of the major tenets of the mental models theory of text comprehension is that the model of the text so far provides (part of) the context for understanding the current sentence. Using two sets of findings on the comprehension of anaphoric expressions, we attempt to provide a more specific interpretation for this statement. We first consider the linguistic distinction between deep and surface anaphors, and the proposal that they are interpreted with reference to mental models and to representations of surface form, respectively. Although the linguistic distinction is reflected fairly directly in considered judgements, in on-line processing both aspects of representation are implicated in the interpretation of both kinds of anaphora. The second set of findings shows that the interpretation of texts containing pronouns can be incomplete—only part of the information in the model is used to interpret the anaphor. Readers may effect mappings between role fillers in different clauses of a text or they may effect mappings between names and role fillers. We discuss evidence that these two types of mapping can be carried out separately and that, in certain circumstances, role-to-name mapping in particular may not take place at all.
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DOI 10.1093/jos/7.4.379
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In Defense of Contextual Vocabulary Acquisition: How to Do Things with Words in Context.William J. Rapaport - 2005 - In Anind Dey, Boicho Kokinov, David Leake & Roy Turner (eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Modeling and Using Context. Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 3554. pp. 396--409.

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