The Myth of Cronus in Plato’s Statesman: Cosmic Rotation and Earthly Correspondence

Apeiron (forthcoming)

Authors
Corinne Gartner
Wellesley College
Claudia Yau
Princeton University
Abstract
The cosmological myth in Plato’s Statesman has generated several longstanding scholarly disputes, among them a controversy concerning the number and nature of the cosmic rotation cycles that it depicts. According to the standard interpretation, there are two cycles of rotation: west-to-east rotation occurs during the age of Cronus, and east-to-west rotation occurs during the age of Zeus, which is also our present era. Recent readings have challenged this two-cycle interpretation, arguing that the period of rotation opposed to our own is governed neither by Cronus nor by Zeus, but is instead a separate rotational cycle during which chaos reigns before a divine ruler reestablishes control. We introduce a new constraint on any plausible interpretation of the myth. According to the Correspondence Principle, changes in fundamental cyclical processes that shape the way of life on earth (mode of generation, growth, aging, and mode of death) occur if and only if there is a change in the direction of cosmic rotation. We use the Correspondence Principle to defend a version of the standard two-cycle interpretation.
Keywords Myth of Cronus  Plato  Statesman  cosmology
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DOI 10.1515/apeiron-2017-0047
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Legislating Immortality in Plato’s Republic.Emily Austin - 2016 - Ancient Philosophy 36 (1):133-150.

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