Philosophy Compass 7 (2):74-84 (2012)

Abstract
This two‐part article examines the very limited engagement by philosophers with museums, and proposes analysis under six headings: cultural variety, taxonomy, and epistemology in Part I, and teleology, ethics, and therapeutics and aesthetics in Part II. The article establishes that fundamental categories of museums established in the 19th century – of art, of anthropology, of history, of natural history, of science and technology – still persist. Among them, it distinguishes between hegemonic and subaltern museums worldwide. It argues that relations between hegemonic and subaltern museums are often agonistic, and are compromised by claims of universalism on the part of proponents of the former. The article observes that most discussion of museums focuses exclusively and misleadingly on their public exhibition function, and contends that scholarship – not exhibition – is central to all museums. However, that predominantly taxonomic scholarship, while innovative and central to a dominant epistemology based on the observation of tangible things in the 19th century, was compromised by the epistemic shift to abstraction and experimentation in the 20th, which resulted in a loss of initiative and authority. Although epistemological changes currently in progress favor a renewed attention to tangible things as complex matrices to which museums ought to contribute significantly, the fundamental taxonomy of museums by collection type is a clog on the ability of museum scholars to engage with and themselves produce big ideas. In order to function well as sites of scholarship in the future, museums will have to be far more adaptable and attentive to a wider range of things and ideas than their existing collection divisions permit.
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DOI 10.1111/phco.2012.7.issue-2
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References found in this work BETA

The Ethics of Identity.Kwame Anthony Appiah - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
The Ethics of Identity.[author unknown] - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (317):539-542.

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Citations of this work BETA

Framing Effects in Museum Narratives: Objectivity in Interpretation Revisited.Anna Bergqvist - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 79:295-318.
Are Holocaust Museums Unique?Paul Morrow - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 79:133-157.
The Museum of Big Ideas.Ivan Gaskell - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 79:55-75.
Epistemology Shmepistemology: Moral Error Theory and Epistemic Expressivism.Stephen Ingram - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (7):649-669.
Museums and the Nostalgic Self.Michael P. Levine - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 79:77-94.

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The History of Museums.Susan Pearce (ed.) - 1997 - Routledge.
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