Synthese 198:763-792 (2021)

Authors
Bartek Chomanski
Adam Mickiewicz University
Dimitria Gatzia
University of Akron
Berit Brogaard
University of Miami
Abstract
Integration information theories posit that the integration of information is necessary and/or sufficient for consciousness. In this paper, we focus on three of the most prominent information integration theories: Information Integration Theory, Global Workspace Theory, and Attended Intermediate-Level Theory. We begin by explicating each theory and key concepts they utilize. We then argue that the current evidence indicates that the integration of information is neither necessary nor sufficient for consciousness. Unlike GWT and AIR, IIT maintains that conscious experience is both necessary and sufficient for consciousness. We present empirical evidence indicating that simple features are experienced in the absence of feature integration and argue that it challenges IIT’s necessity claim. In addition, we challenge IIT’s sufficiency claim by presenting evidence from hemineglect cases and amodal completion indicating that contents may be integrated and yet fail to give rise to subjective experience. Moreover, we present empirical evidence from subjects with frontal lesions who are unable to carry out simple instructions and argue that they are irreconcilable with GWT. Lastly, we argue that empirical evidence indicating that patients with visual agnosia fail to identify objects they report being conscious of present a challenge to AIR’s necessity claim.
Keywords Amodal completion  Attended intermediate-level representation theory  Global workspace theory  Attention  Illusory contours  Information integration theory  Spatial neglect  Visual agnosia  Feature integration  Consciousness
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2020
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-020-02613-3
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Vision.David Marr - 1982 - W. H. Freeman.
On a Confusion About a Function of Consciousness.Ned Block - 1995 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2):227-–247.
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness.Bernard J. Baars - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.

View all 57 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Functional Contributions of Consciousness.Dylan Ludwig - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 104:103383.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness.Fallon Francis - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Stinking Consciousness!Benjamin D. Young - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (3-4):223-243.
The Standard Theory of Conscious Perception.Carolyn Dicey Jennings - 2015 - Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
When Perception Becomes Conscious.Max Velmans - 1999 - British Journal of Psychology 90 (4):543-566.
Selectivity, Integration, and the Psycho-Neuro-Biological Continuum.Robert Arp - 2005 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (1-2):35-64.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-02-05

Total views
522 ( #17,600 of 2,533,474 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
55 ( #14,846 of 2,533,474 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes