Kant's Synthetic and Analytic Method in the Critique of Pure Reason and the Distinction between Philosophical and Mathematical Syntheses

European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):728-749 (2015)
Authors
Gabriele Gava
Goethe University Frankfurt
Abstract
This article addresses Kant's distinction between a synthetic and an analytic method in philosophy. I will first consider how some commentators have accounted for Kant's distinction and analyze some passages in which Kant defined the analytic and the synthetic method. I will suggest that confusion about Kant's distinction arises because he uses it in at least two different senses. I will then identify a specific way in which Kant accounts for this distinction when he is differentiating between mathematical and philosophical syntheses. I will examine Kant's arguments in the Critique of Pure Reason with the latter sense of the distinction in mind. I will evaluate if he uses the analytic or the synthetic method and if the synthetic method is able to identify, without a previous consideration of some sort of given knowledge, sufficient conditions for deriving some aspects of our knowledge
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DOI 10.1111/ejop.12006
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Kant and the Claims of Knowledge.Paul Guyer - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
Interpreting Kant's Critiques.Karl Ameriks - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
A Companion to Kant.Graham Bird (ed.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.

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