The problem of natural evil I: General theistic replies

Philosophy Compass 4 (3):533-559 (2009)
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Abstract

I examine different strategies involved in stating anti-theistic arguments from natural evil, and consider some theistic replies. There are, traditionally, two main types of arguments from natural evil: those that purport to deduce a contradiction between the existence of natural evil and the existence of God, and those that claim that the existence of certain types or quantities of natural evil significantly lowers the probability that theism is true. After considering peripheral replies, I state four prominent theistic rebutting strategies: skeptical theism; Richard Swinburne's view that moral knowledge entails natural evil; the soul-making theodicy; and the natural law theodicy.

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Luke Gelinas
Albany Medical College

Citations of this work

Recent Work on the Problem of Evil.T. Dougherty - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):560-573.
The problem of natural evil II: Hybrid replies.Luke Gelinas - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (3):560-574.
Rowe's evidential arguments from evil.Graham Oppy - 2013 - In Justin P. Mcbrayer (ed.), A Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley. pp. 49-66.
On the natural law defense and the disvalue of ubiquitous miracles.Leigh C. Vicens - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):33-42.

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References found in this work

The Nature of Necessity.Alvin Plantinga - 1974 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties.Alexander Bird - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Scientific Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (3):388-390.
A World of States of Affairs.D. Armstrong - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:429-440.

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