Philosophy Compass 4 (3):533-559 (2009)

Authors
Luke Gelinas
Albany Medical College
Abstract
I examine different strategies involved in stating anti-theistic arguments from natural evil, and consider some theistic replies. There are, traditionally, two main types of arguments from natural evil: those that purport to deduce a contradiction between the existence of natural evil and the existence of God, and those that claim that the existence of certain types or quantities of natural evil significantly lowers the probability that theism is true. After considering peripheral replies, I state four prominent theistic rebutting strategies: skeptical theism; Richard Swinburne's view that moral knowledge entails natural evil; the soul-making theodicy; and the natural law theodicy.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1747-9991.2009.00209.x
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References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Necessity.Alvin Plantinga - 1974 - Clarendon Press.
Nature’s Metaphysics.Alexander Bird - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
Scientific Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
A World of States of Affairs.D. Armstrong - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:429-440.
Warranted Christian Belief.Alvin Plantinga - 2000 - Oxford University Press USA.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Problem of Natural Evil II: Hybrid Replies.Luke Gelinas - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (3):560-574.
Rowe's Evidential Arguments From Evil.Graham Oppy - 2013 - In Justin McBrayer & Daniel Howard-Snyder (eds.), A Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 49-66.
On the Natural Law Defense and the Disvalue of Ubiquitous Miracles.Leigh C. Vicens - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):33-42.

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The Problem of Evil: Skeptical Theism Leads to Moral Paralysis.Scott Sehon - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (2):67 - 80.
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The Problem of Natural Evil II: Hybrid Replies.Luke Gelinas - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (3):560-574.
Hasker on Gratuitous Natural Evil.David O'Connor - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):380-392.
Natural Evil.Richard Swinburne - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):295 - 301.

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