Democratic justice: the priority of politics and the ideal of citizenship


Authors
Valentina Gentile
Luiss Guido Carli
Abstract
In his Democratic justice and the social contract, Weale presents a distinctive contingent practice-dependent model of ‘democratic justice’ that relies heavily on a condition of just social and political relations among equals. Several issues arise from this account. Under which conditions might such just social and political relations be realised? What ideal of equality is required for ‘democratic justice’? What are its implications for the political ideal of citizenship? This paper focuses on these questions as a way to critically reconsider Weale’s model. After presenting Weale’s procedural constructivism, I distinguish his model from an institutional practicedependent model, one salient example of which is Rawls’s political constructivism. This distinction allows for a formulation of the social and political equality required for justice in each case. The contingent model assumes that an equality of ‘status’ will generate just social practices, yet it fails to recognise that an equality of ‘role’ is also important to ensure citizens’ compliance. The paper ultimately seeks to show that the contingent model is insufficient to ensure that just social practices will become stable.
Keywords political constructivism  social and political equality  moral stability
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DOI 10.1080/13698230.2016.1183757
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References found in this work BETA

Political Liberalism.J. Rawls - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (3):596-598.
Justice and the Priority of Politics to Morality.Andrea Sangiovanni - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (2):137–164.
Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality.Michael Walzer - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):457-468.
Contemporary Political Philosophy. An Introduction.Will Kymlicka - 1993 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (1):180-181.

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Citations of this work BETA

On the Logic of Productive Cooperation: A Response to Critics.Albert Weale - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (2):251-267.

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