Deep thinking in children: The case for knowledge change in analogical development

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):837-838 (1998)
Halford, Wilson & Phillips argue that cognitive development is driven by increases in processing capacity. We suggest that changes in relational knowledge are as important or more so. We present evidence that 3-year-olds' analogical abilities are sharply improved by teaching them relational labels; over a 30-minute experimental session children gained approximately 2 years in effective performance. These results mandate caution interpreting age-related change as indicating maturational change, and call for a deeper consideration of the role of epistemological change in cognitive development.
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X9829176X
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