Héraclès, Tyndare et Hippocoon dans la description de Sparte par Pausanias

Kernos 18:311-328 (2005)

Abstract
Qu’il soit placé à l’origine des revendications desHéraclides ou instrumentalisé dans le cadre de l’opposition séculaire entre Messéniens et Spartiates, l’épisode du combat d’Héraclès contre Hippocoon et ses fils occupe une place de choix dans le passé de Sparte tel que le transmet Pausanias. Aussi vénérables qu’ils paraissent, les éléments de cette tradition et les monuments spartiates qui lui sont liés s’intègrent néanmoins très concrètement dans l’horizon politique et religieux du iie siècle ap. J.-C. Le discours développé dans la Périégèse semble d’ailleurs bien répondre à des préoccupations similaires à celles qui animent les grandes familles spartiates de cette époque.Heracles, Tyndareus, and Hippocoon in Pausanias’ Description of Sparta: mapping out a mythical tradition. Placed at the origin of the claims of the Heraclids or instrumented within the framework of the secular conflict between Messenians and Spartans, the episode of the fight of Heracles against Hippocoon and its sons occupies an important place in the Spartan past, just as Pausanias states. As ancient as they appear, the elements of this tradition and the Spartan monuments related to it integrate nevertheless very concretely into the political and religious context of the IInd c. AD. The purpose of the Periegesis seems moreover to meet needs quite similar to those preoccupying the great Spartan families at this time
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DOI 10.4000/kernos.1545
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