Mysticism and Self-Determination in Iran: Multidimensional Complexity of Relationships with Basic Need Satisfaction and Mindfulness


Abstract
In this study, the self-reported mystical experience of Muslims was correlated with constructs relevant to positive psychology. Iranian university students responded to the Extrovertive, Introvertive, and Religious Interpretation factors of the Mysticism Scale; to the Basic Need Satisfaction and Mindfulness measures associated with Self-Determination Theory; and to instruments recording Attributional Complexity, Obsessiveness, and Quest religiosity. Religious Interpretation and Extrovertive factors correlated positively whereas the Introvertive factor correlated negatively with the Self-Determination and adaptive functioning that are emphases of positive psychology. Research that analyzes mystical experience within the context of positive psychology may, therefore, be useful in clarifying the psychology of religious experience across traditions.
Keywords MINDFULNESS   MUSLIMS   SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY   POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY   MYSTICAL EXPERIENCE   BASIC NEEDS
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DOI 10.1163/157361209x371500
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Mysticism and Philosophy.W. E. Kennick - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (3):387.
Mysticism and Philosophy.C. J. Ducasse - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (12):323-325.

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