Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):193-216 (2006)

Authors
Pablo Gilabert
Concordia University
Abstract
Are positive duties to help others in need mere informal duties of virtue or can they also be enforceable duties of justice? In this paper I defend the claim that some positive duties (which I call basic positive duties) can be duties of justice against one of the most important prin- cipled objections to it. This is the libertarian challenge, according to which only negative duties to avoid harming others can be duties of justice, whereas positive duties (basic or nonbasic) must be seen, at best, as informal moral requirements or recommendations. I focus on the contractarian version of the libertarian challenge as recently presented by Jan Narveson. I claim that Narveson’s contractarian construal of libertarianism is not only intuitively weak, but is also subject to decisive internal problems. I argue, in particular, that it does not pro- vide a clear rationale for distinguishing between informal duties of virtue and enforceable duties of justice, that it can neither successfully justify libertarianism’s protection of negative rights nor its denial of positive ones, and that it fails to undermine the claim that basic positive duties are duties of global justice.
Keywords global justice  distributive justice  libertarianism  narveson  contractarianism
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ISBN(s) 0038-4283
DOI 10.1111/j.2041-6962.2006.tb00098.x
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References found in this work BETA

Real World Justice.Thomas Pogge - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):29-53.
Mediating Duties.Henry Shue - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):687-704.
Illiberal Libertarians: Why Libertarianism Is Not a Liberal View.Samuel Freeman - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (2):105-151.
Is World Poverty a Moral Problem for the Wealthy?Jan Narveson - 2004 - The Journal of Ethics 8 (4):397-408.
Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality.Nancy Holmstrom - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):583.

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Citations of this work BETA

Contractualism and Poverty Relief.Pablo Gilabert - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):277-310.
Comentarios Sobre la Concepcion de la Justicia Global de Pogge.Pablo Gilabert - 2007 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 33 (2):205-222.

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The Duty to Eradicate Global Poverty: Positive or Negative?Pablo Gilabert - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5):537-550.
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Comentarios Sobre la Concepcion de la Justicia Global de Pogge.Pablo Gilabert - 2007 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 33 (2):205-222.
Libertarianism.Peter Vallentyne - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Contractualism and Poverty Relief.Pablo Gilabert - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):277-310.

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