James Giles
Roskilde University
For Kierkegaard, inwardness is a focusing on one’s own existence. Inwardness is therefore concerned with one’s relations to objects rather than with the objects themselves. This means that within the realm of inwardness objective truth loses importance. For here, the question of the truth of one’s beliefs will not be determined by the existence of the object of one’s belief, but rather by the way in which one holds belief about it. Consequently, says Kierkegaard, ‘as long as this relationship is in truth, the individual is in truth even if he should be thus related to what is not [objectively] true’. This is the basis of his claim that subjectivity is truth. Yet for Kierkegaard, both subjectivity and objectivity can take turns at vanishing and being brought forward. Kierkegaard does not explain the way in which these two transform into one another. Yogacara Buddhism offers insight here because it gives an account of the how subjective and objective reflections can transform into each other. This is done in the three-natures theory of how the other-dependent nature functions as a basis for the transformation of the imagined nature (objectivity) and the ultimate nature (subjectivity) into each other. In the ultimate nature, emptiness and thus freedom is experienced. This parallels Kierkegaard’s idea of inwardness’ relation to freedom.
Keywords Kierkegaard  Buddhism  inwardness  emptiness  subjectivity  subjective truth  freedom
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DOI 10.1080/09608780122578
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Social Constructionism and Sexual Desire.James Giles - 2006 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (3):225–238.

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