Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
AbstractShaftesbury's philosophy combined a powerfully teleological approach, according to which all things are part of a harmonious cosmic order, with sharp observations of human nature (see section 2 below). Shaftesbury is often credited with originating the moral sense theory, although his own views of virtue are a mixture of rationalism and sentimentalism (section 3). While he argued that virtue leads to happiness (section 4), Shaftesbury was a fierce opponent of psychological and ethical egoism (section 5) and of the egoistic social contract theory of Hobbes (section 6). Shaftesbury advanced a view of aesthetic judgment that was non-egoistic and objectivist, in that he thought that correct aesthetic judgment was disinterested and reflected accurately the harmonious cosmic order (section 7). Shaftesbury's belief in an harmonious cosmic order also dominated his view of religion, which was based on the idea that the universe clearly exhibits signs of perfect divine design (section 8). According to Shaftesbury, the ultimate end of religion, as well as of virtue, beauty, and philosophical understanding (all of which are turn out to be one and the same thing), is to identify completely with the universal system of which one is a part.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity.Charles Taylor - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1):187-190.
The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity From Descartes to Hume.Udo Thiel - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
An Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affections, with Illustrations on the Moral Sense.Francis Hutcheson - 2002 - The Liberty Fund.
The British Moralists on Human Nature and the Birth of Secular Ethics.Michael B. Gill - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
Shaftesbury on Liberty and Self-Mastery.Ruth Boeker - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (5):731-752.
Citations of this work
Moral Distress: A Comparative Analysis of Theoretical Understandings and Inter-Related Concepts. [REVIEW]Kim Lützén & Beatrice Ewalds Kvist - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (1):13-25.
Shaftesbury on Persons, Personal Identity, and Character Development.Ruth Boeker - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (1):e12471.
Moral Distress and its Interconnection with Moral Sensitivity and Moral Resilience: Viewed From the Philosophy of Viktor E. Frankl. [REVIEW]Kim Lützén & Béatrice Ewalds-Kvist - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):317-324.
Locke's Moral Psychology.Ruth Boeker - 2021 - In Jessica Gordon-Roth & Shelley Weinberg (eds.), The Lockean Mind. Routledge.
Similar books and articles
Anthony Ashley Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury: Complete Works, Selected Letters and Posthumous Writings in English with Parallel German Translation Gerd Hemmerich and Wolfram Benda, Editors and Translators Stuttgart and Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1981. Pp. 443.J. B. Schneewind - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (2):366-368.
An Old-Spelling, Critical Edition of Shaftesbury's Letter Concerning Enthusiasm, and, Sensus Communis: An Essay on the Freedom of Wit and Humor.Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury - 1988 - Garland.
Earl of Shaftesbury.Author unknown - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Essays on the Characteristics of the Earl of Shaftesbury.John Brown - 1751 - New York: Garland.
Hutcheson's Divergence From Shaftesbury.Simon Grote - 2006 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 4 (2):159-172.
Aesthetic Experience in Shaftesbury: Richard Glauser.Richard Glauser - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):25–54.
British References to Shaftesbury 1700-1800: Additions, with Commentary, to A.O. Aldridge’s List.Chester Chapin - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:315-329.
Shaftesbury and the Culture of Politeness: Moral Discourse and Cultural Politics in Early Eighteenth-Century England.Lawrence Eliot Klein - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.