What's a theory to do... With seeing? Or some empirical considerations for observation and theory

Criticism of the observation/theory distinction generally supposes it to be an empirical fact that even the most basic human perception is heavily theory-laden. I offer critical examination of experimental evidence cited by Thomas Kuhn and Paul Churchland on behalf of this supposition. I argue that the empirical evidence cited is inadequate support for the claims in question. I further argue that we have empirical grounds for claiming that the Kuhnian discussion of perception is developed within an inadequate conceptual framework and that a version of the observation/theory distinction is indeed tenable. The connection between cognitive science and epistemology is also discussed.
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DOI 10.1093/bjps/43.3.287
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