Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):74-84 (2012)

Authors
Chrysoula Gitsoulis
College of Staten Island (CUNY)
Abstract
There are two aspects to Wittgenstein’s method of deconstructing pseudo-philosophical problems that need to be distinguished: (1) describing actual linguistic practice, and (2) constructing hypothetical ‘language-games’. Both methods were, for Wittgenstein, indispensable means of clarifying the ‘grammar’ of expressions of our language -- i.e., the appropriate contexts for using those expressions – and thereby dissolving pseudo-philosophical problems. Though (2) is often conflated with (1), it is important to recognize that it differs from it in important respects. (1) can be seen as functioning as a direct method of ‘proof’ (i.e., attempt to convince the reader of some thesis), and (2) as an indirect method of ‘proof’ -- proof by reductio ad absurdum. This essay will be devoted to clarifying (2) by forging an analogy with surrealism in art.
Keywords Wittgenstein  surrealism  philosophical method  language games  Wittgenstein and poetry  metaphilosophy  meaning  wittgenstein and literature  ordinary language
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DOI 10.5840/eip20121315
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References found in this work BETA

Wittgenstein on the Nature of Philosophy.Anthony Kenny - 1982 - In Anthony Kenny & Brian McGuinness (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Times. University of Chicago Press.
The Moral Dimension of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Method.Chrysoula Gitsoulis - 2007 - Analysis and Metaphysics (Special Issue on Wittgenstein) 6:452-467.

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