Another Look at the Reality of Race, by Which I Mean Race-f

In Allan Hazlett (ed.), New Waves in Metaphysics (2011)

Joshua Glasgow
Sonoma State University
Recently the idea that race is biologically real has gained more traction. One argument against this claim is that the populations identified by science do not sufficiently map onto the concept of race as deployed in the relevant racial discourse, namely folk racial discourse. Call that concept the concept of race-f. Robin Andreasen (2005) argues that this "mismatch" criticism fails, on a variety of grounds including: ordinary folk semantically defer to scientists; scientists can disagree about facts; historians disagree about the origins of the term 'race'; 'race' has had a diversity of meanings; some of those meanings privileges geography over visible traits; and that the scientific definition of 'race' is autonomous from the folk definition of 'race.' It is argued here that all of these responses to the mismatch criticism do not succeed, and that the last in fact vindicates it. Similar arguments to the last, autonomy argument, are also examined.
Keywords Race  Populationism  Mismatch argument  Andreasen  Alcoff  Zack  Biology
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Against the New Metaphysics of Race.David Ludwig - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):244-265.

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