Behavioral Brain Research 398:1-8 (2021)

Authors
Joel Krueger
University of Exeter
Shane Glackin
University of Exeter
Tom Roberts
University of Exeter
Abstract
In addiction, apparently causally significant phenomena occur at a huge number of levels; addiction is affected by biomedical, neurological, pharmacological, clinical, social, and politico-legal factors, among many others. In such a complex, multifaceted field of inquiry, it seems very unlikely that all the many layers of explanation will prove amenable to any simple or straightforward, reductive analysis; if we are to unify the many different sciences of addiction while respecting their causal autonomy, then, what we are likely to need is an integrative framework. In this paper, we propose the theory of “Externalist” or “4E” – for extended, embodied, embedded, and enactive – cognition, which focuses on the empirical and conceptual centrality of the wider extra-neural environment to cognitive and mental processes, as a candidate for such a framework. We begin in Section 2 by outlining how such a perspective might apply to psychiatry more generally, before turning to some of the ways it can illuminate addiction in particular: Section 3 points to a way of dissolving the classic dichotomy between the “choice model” and “disease model” in the addiction literature; Section 4 shows how 4E concepts can clarify the interplay between the addict’s brain and her environment; and Section 5 considers how these insights help to explain the success of some recovery strategies, and may help to inform the development of new ones.
Keywords 4E cognition   Addiction   Extended Mind   Integrative Framework   Psychiatric Externalism   Recovery
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Extended Mind.Andy Clark & David J. Chalmers - 1998 - Analysis 58 (1):7-19.
On Certainty (Ed. Anscombe and von Wright).Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1969 - New York and London: Harper Torchbooks.
Philosophical investigations.Ludwig Wittgenstein & G. E. M. Anscombe - 1953 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 161:124-124.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Addiction-as-a-Kind Hypothesis.Petri Ylikoski & Samuli Pöyhönen - 2015 - International Journal of Addiction and Drug Research 4 (1):21-25.
Disease, Addiction and the Freedom to Resist.Piers Benn - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (3):465-481.
Addiction Science as a Hedgehog and as a Fox.Warren K. Bickel & Richard Yi - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):441-442.
Addiction: Beyond Disease and Choice.Candice L. Shelby - 2013 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):65-76.
Disorders of Desire: Addiction and Problems of Intimacy. [REVIEW]Helen Keane - 2004 - Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):189-204.
Addiction: Beyond Disease and Choice.Candice L. Shelby - 2013 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):65-76.
Addiction is Not a Brain Disease (and It Matters).Neil Levy - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychiatry 4 (24):1--7.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-10-23

Total views
646 ( #11,996 of 2,498,492 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
211 ( #2,524 of 2,498,492 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes