British Journal of Aesthetics 57 (2):177-194 (2017)

Trip Glazer
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Richard Wollheim claims that speech acts express emotions always in virtue of how they are said and never solely in virtue of what they say. However, it would seem to follow that we cannot express our emotions in writing, since texts preserve what we wish to say without recording how we would wish to say it. I argue that Wollheim’s thesis in fact sheds new light on how authors can and do express their emotions in writing. In short, an author must employ a variety of techniques within appropriate contexts to substitute for the non-verbal behaviours that would express her emotions physically. This substitution constitutes a ‘virtual expression’ just in case it empowers readers to vividly imagine the production of these behaviours.
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DOI 10.1093/aesthj/ayw092
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The Phenomenology of Face‐to‐Face Mindreading.Joel Smith - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):274-293.
Human, All Too Human.Friedrich Nietzsche - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
Language as Thought and as Communication.Wilfrid Sellars - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (4):506-527.

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