Pettit on consequentialism and universalizability

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):261-275 (2005)
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Abstract

Philip Pettit has argued that universalizability entails consequentialism. I criticise the argument for relying on a question-begging reading of the impartiality of universalization. A revised form of the argument can be constructed by relying on preference-satisfaction rationality, rather than on impartiality. But this revised argument succumbs to an ambiguity in the notion of a preference (or desire). I compare the revised argument to an earlier argument of Pettit’s for consequentialism that appealed to the theoretical virtue of simplicity, and I raise questions about the force of appeal to notions like simplicity and rationality in moral argument.

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Andrew Gleeson
Flinders University

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References found in this work

Practical Ethics.Peter Singer - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler.
Moral thinking: its levels, method, and point.R. M. Hare (ed.) - 1981 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Consequentialism.Philip Pettit - 1991 - Dartmouth Publishing Company.
Moral Thinking. Its Levels, Method and Point.R. M. Hare - 1983 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 37 (4):643-646.
The Consequentialist Perspective.Philip Pettit - 1997 - In Marcia W. Baron, Philip Pettit & Michael Slote (eds.), Three Methods of Ethics: A Debate. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.

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