Mind and Language 21 (3):360-378 (2006)

Abstract
Since Aristotle, many writers have treated metaphors and similes as equals: any metaphor can be paraphrased as a simile, and vice-versa. This property of metaphors is the basis for psycholinguistic comparison theories of metaphor comprehension. However, if metaphors cannot always be paraphrased as similes, then comparison theories must be abandoned. The different forms of a metaphor—the comparison and categorical forms—have different referents. In comparison form, the metaphor vehicle refers to the literal concept, e.g. 'in my lawyer is like a shark', the term 'shark' refers to the literal fish. In categorical form, 'my lawyer is a shark', 'shark' refers to an abstract (metaphorical) category of predatory creatures. This difference in reference makes it possible for a metaphor and its corresponding simile to differ (a) in interpretability and (b) in meaning. Because a metaphor cannot always be understood in terms of its corresponding simile, we conclude that comparison theories of metaphor are fundamentally flawed.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-0017.2006.00282.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,295
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Complete Works of Aristotle. The Revised Oxford Translation.Jonathan Barnes - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 176 (4):493-494.
The Career of Metaphor.Brian F. Bowdle & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):193-216.
Metaphor in Context. [REVIEW]David Hills - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):473-478.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Metaphor in Sign Languages.Irit Meir & Ariel Cohen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Reductive and Nonreductive Simile Theories of Metaphor.Lynne Tirrell - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (7):337-358.
The Creation of Similarity: A Discussion of Metaphor in Light of Tversky's Theory of Similarity.Eva Feder Kittay - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:394 - 405.
Objects of Metaphor.Samuel Guttenplan - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
Metaphor and Simile: Preliminary Notes to a Discussion of Norms and Values.István Mészáros - 1967 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 67 (1):127 - 144.
Metaphor and Constancy of Meaning.Sherrill Jean Begres - 1992 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 43 (1):143-161.
Metaphor and Cognition From a Peircean Perspective.Bent Sørensen, Torkild Thellefsen & Morten Moth - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):562 - 574.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
177 ( #59,389 of 2,448,702 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #447,803 of 2,448,702 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes