British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (2):343-392 (2011)
AbstractThe starting point in the development of probabilistic analyses of token causation has usually been the naïve intuition that, in some relevant sense, a cause raises the probability of its effect. But there are well-known examples both of non-probability-raising causation and of probability-raising non-causation. Sophisticated extant probabilistic analyses treat many such cases correctly, but only at the cost of excluding the possibilities of direct non-probability-raising causation, failures of causal transitivity, action-at-a-distance, prevention, and causation by absence and omission. I show that an examination of the structure of these problem cases suggests a different treatment, one which avoids the costs of extant probabilistic analyses
Similar books and articles
General Causation.John W. Carroll - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:311 - 317.
Overlappings: Probability-Raising Without Causation.Jonathan Schaffer - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (1):40 – 46.
Probabilistic Empiricism: In Defence of a Reichenbachian Theory of Causation and the Direction of Time.Iain Thomas Martel - 2000 - Dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder
Probabilistic Causation and Causal Processes: A Critique of Lewis.Peter Menzies - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (4):642-663.
On the Metaphysics of Probabilistic Causation: Lessons From Social Epidemiology.Bruce Glymour - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1413-1423.
Probabilistic Causality and Multiple Causation.Paul Humphreys - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:25 - 37.
Keeping Track of the Time: Emending the Counterfactual Analysis of Causation.L. A. Paul - 1998 - Analysis 58 (3):191–198.
Indeterminism, Counterfactuals, and Causation.Richard Otte - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):45-62.
A Probabilistic Theory of Second Order Causation.Christopher Hitchcock - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (3):369 - 377.
A Critique of Mellor’s Argument Against ’Backwards’ Causation.Peter J. Riggs - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (1):75-86.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Actual Causation and Compositionality.Jonathan Livengood & Justin Sytsma - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (1):43-69.
A Proposed Probabilistic Extension of the Halpern and Pearl Definition of ‘Actual Cause’.Luke Fenton-Glynn - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (4):1061-1164.
A Proposed Probabilistic Extension of the Halpern and Pearl Definition of ‘Actual Cause’.Luke Fenton-Glynn - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (4):1061-1124.
References found in this work
Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World.Wesley C. Salmon - 1984 - Princeton University Press.