Categories and facets in integrative levels

Axiomathes 18 (2):177-192 (2008)
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Abstract

Facets and general categories used in bibliographic classification have been based on a disciplinary organization of knowledge. However, facets and categories of phenomena independent from disciplines can be identified similarly. Phenomena can be classified according to a series of integrative levels (layers), which in turn can be grouped into the major strata of form, matter, life, mind, society and culture, agreeing with Nicolai Hartmann’s ontology. Unlike a layer, a stratum is not constituted of elements of the lower ones; rather, it represents the formal pattern of the lower ones, like the horse hoof represents the shape of the steppe. Bibliographic categories can now be seen in the light of level theory: some categories are truly general, while others only appear at a given level, being the realization of a general category in the specific context of the level: these are the facets of that level. In the notation of the Integrative Level Classification project, categories and facets are represented by digits, and displayed in a Web interface with the help of colours.

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Claudio Gnoli
Universita' degli Studi di Pavia

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References found in this work

The case for case, dins.Charles J. Fillmore - 1968 - In Emmon Bach & R. Harms (eds.), Universals in Linguistic Theory. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
New ways of ontology.Nicolai Hartmann - 1953 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
Levels.Roberto Poli - 1998 - Axiomathes 9 (1-2):197-211.
Levels of reality and levels of representation.Claudio Gnoli & Roberto Poli - 2004 - Knowledge Organization 31 (3):151-160.

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