Cognitive Linguistics 19 (2):219-240 (2008)

Authors
Abstract
An examination of conditionals in di¤erent languages leads to a distinction of three types of conditionals instead of the usual two (indicative and subjunctive). The three types can be explained by the degree of acceptance or as-if acceptance of the truth of the antecedent. The labels subjunctive and indicative are shown to be inadequate. So-called indicative conditionals comprise two classes, the very frequent uncertain-fact conditionals and the quite rare accepted-fact conditionals. Uncertain-fact conditionals may have a time shift in contemporary English and the future subjunctive in Portuguese (though not all of them do). Moreover, paraphrases of if with in case or supposing are usually possible with approximately the same meaning. Accepted-fact conditionals never have these features.
Keywords conditionals  indicative conditionals  counterfactuals  subjunctive conditionals  factual conditionals
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1515/COG.2008.009
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

On Conditionals.Dorothy Edgington - 1995 - Mind 104 (414):235-329.
Indicative Conditionals.Robert Stalnaker - 1975 - Philosophia 5 (3):269-286.
What If ? Questions About Conditionals.Dorothy Edgington - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):380–401.
Subjunctive and Indicative Conditionals.Ernest W. Adams - 1970 - Foundations of Language 6 (1):89-94.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Are Necessary and Sufficient Conditions Converse Relations?Gilberto Gomes - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):375 – 387.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Paradox of Indicative Conditionals.D. K. Johnston - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 83 (1):93 - 112.
On the Tense Structure of Conditionals.Diane Barense - 1988 - Philosophy Research Archives 14:539-566.
The English Verb: Forms and Meanings.Martin Joos & F. R. Palmer - 1967 - Foundations of Language 3 (3):317-321.
Do Verbs Act as Implicit Quantifiers?Stephen E. Newstead - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (3):215-230.
Latin Verb Forms.Ernest Riedel - 1916 - Classical Quarterly 10 (03):165-.
On the Logic of General Conditionals.R. N. McLaughlin - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (91):133-143.
Inferential Conditionals and Evidentiality.K. Krzyżanowska, S. Wenmackers & I. Douven - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (3):315-334.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-06-30

Total views
237 ( #32,354 of 2,326,348 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
71 ( #7,669 of 2,326,348 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes