From Intelligence to Rationality of Minds and Machines in Contemporary Society: The Sciences of Design and the Role of Information

Minds and Machines 27 (3):397-424 (2017)

Abstract
The presence of intelligence and rationality in Artificial Intelligence and the Internet requires a new context of analysis in which Herbert Simon’s approach to the sciences of the artificial is surpassed in order to grasp the role of information in our contemporary setting. This new framework requires taking into account some relevant aspects. In the historical endeavor of building up AI and the Internet, minds and machines have interacted over the years and in many ways through the interrelation between scientific creativity and technological innovation. Philosophically, minds and machines can have epistemological, methodological and ontological differences, which are based on the distinct configuration of human intelligence and artificial intelligence. Their comparison with rationality and its various forms is particularly relevant. Scientifically, AI and the Internet belong to the sciences of the artificial, because they work on designs that search for specific aims, following selected processes in order to achieve expected results. Technologically, AI and the Internet require the support of information and communication technologies. These have an instrumental role regarding the existence of AI and the Internet. Also ICT shape their diverse forms of configuration over the years.Within this framework, this paper offers a new context of analysis that goes beyond Simon’s and follows four main steps: the interaction between scientific creativity and technological innovation as the philosophico-methodological setting for Artificial Intelligence and the Internet; artificial intelligence and human intelligence as epistemological basis for machines and minds, where the differences between artificial intelligence and human intelligence are made explicit and the analysis of minds and machines is made from the perspective of rationality ; intention and its difference with design of machine learning are considered to distinguish human intelligence from artificial intelligence; and the internal and external aspects of artificial designs in contemporary society are considered through the perspective of rationality, which leads to the transition from intelligence to rationality in the Internet as well as to the historicity of information.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11023-017-9439-0
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 47,385
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
Shared Intention.Michael Bratman - 1993 - Ethics 104 (1):97-113.
Intention.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1959 - Philosophical Review 68 (1):110.
Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search.Allen Newell & Herbert A. Simon - 1981 - Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19:113-26.
We-Intentions.Raimo Tuomela & Kaarlo Miller - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (3):367-389.

View all 25 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ai: Its Nature and Future.Margaret A. Boden - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
Guest Editor's Introduction.Varol Akman - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (4):475-477.
Software Agents and Their Bodies.Nicholas Kushmerick - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (2):227-247.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-06-26

Total views
20 ( #470,754 of 2,291,106 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #399,576 of 2,291,106 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature