Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
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Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson. Other important transcendentalists were Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Amos Bronson Alcott, Frederic Henry Hedge, and Theodore Parker. Stimulated by English and German Romanticism, the Biblical criticism of Herder and Schleiermacher, and the skepticism of Hume, the transcendentalists operated with the sense that a new era was at hand. They were critics of their contemporary society for its unthinking conformity, and urged that each individual find, in Emerson's words, “an original relation to the universe”. Emerson and Thoreau sought this relation in solitude amidst nature, and in their writing. By the 1840s they, along with other transcendentalists, were engaged in the social experiments of Brook Farm, Fruitlands, and Walden; and, by the 1850's in an increasingly urgent critique of American slavery



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Cities of Words: Pedagogical Letters on a Register of the Moral Life.Stanley Cavell - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (2):202-203.
The Senses of Walden: An Expanded Edition.Stanley Cavell - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
American Philosophy Before Pragmatism.Russell B. Goodman - 2015 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press UK.
American philosophy and the romantic tradition.Russell B. Goodman - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.

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