On substantial independence: a reply to Patrick Toner

Philosophical Studies 159 (2):293-297 (2012)

Authors
Michael Gorman
Catholic University of America
Abstract
Patrick Toner has recently criticized accounts of substance provided by Kit Fine, E. J. Lowe, and the author, accounts which say (to a first approximation) that substances cannot depend on things other than their own parts. On Toner’s analysis, the inclusion of this parts exception results in a disjunctive definition of substance rather than a unified account. In this paper (speaking only for myself, but in a way that would, I believe, support the other authors that Toner discusses), I first make clear what Toner’s criticism is, and then I respond to it. Including the parts exception is not the adding of a second condition but instead the creation of a new single condition. Since it is not the adding of a condition, the result is not disjunctive. Therefore, the objection fails.
Keywords Substance  Parts  Independence  Ontology  Metaphysics
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9708-3
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References found in this work BETA

Ontological Dependence.Tuomas Tahko & E. J. Lowe - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
XIV—Ontological Dependence.Kit Fine - 1994 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95 (1):269-290.
Ontological Dependency.E. J. Lowe - 1994 - Philosophical Papers 23 (1):31-48.
Independence Accounts of Substance and Substantial Parts.Patrick Toner - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (1):37 - 43.

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