Synthese 177 (3):387-409 (2010)

Authors
Heidi Grasswick
Middlebury College
Abstract
Feminist philosophers of science have been prominent amongst social epistemologists who draw attention to communal aspects of knowing. As part of this work, I focus on the need to examine the relations between scientific communities and lay communities, particularly marginalized communities, for understanding the epistemic merit of scientific practices. I draw on Naomi Scheman's argument (2001) that science earns epistemic merit by rationally grounding trust across social locations. Following this view, more turns out to be relevant to epistemic assessment than simply following the standards of "normal science". On such an account, philosophers of science need to attend to the relations between scientific communities and various lay communities, especially marginalized communities, to understand how scientific practices can rationally ground trust and thus earn their status as "good ways of knowing". Trust turns out to involve a wide set of expectations on behalf of lay communities. In this paper I focus on expectations of knowledge sharing, using examples of "knowledge-sharing whistleblowers" to illustrate how failures in knowledge sharing with lay communities can erode epistemic trust in scientific communities, particularly in the case of marginalized communities
Keywords Philosophy   Metaphysics   Philosophy of Language   Logic   Epistemology   Philosophy of Science
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-010-9789-0
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,903
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

What Is Epistemic Public Trust in Science?Gürol Irzik & Faik Kurtulmus - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (4):1145-1166.
From Tapestry to Loom: Broadening the Perspective on Values in Science.Heather Douglas - 2018 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 10 (8).
Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
Understanding Epistemic Trust Injustices and Their Harms.Heidi Grasswick - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 84:69-91.

View all 22 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Epistemic Logic and Epistemology.Wesley H. Holliday - forthcoming - In Sven Ove Hansson Vincent F. Hendricks (ed.), Handbook of Formal Philosophy. Springer.
S5 Knowledge Without Partitions.Dov Samet - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):145-155.
Epistemic Trust and Liberal Justification.Michael Fuerstein - 2013 - Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):179-199.
Epistemic Trust.Linda Zagzebski - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):113-117.
Gender and Trust in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-09-30

Total views
78 ( #131,216 of 2,426,563 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #188,330 of 2,426,563 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes