Time Evolution in Macroscopic Systems. II. The Entropy

Foundations of Physics 34 (1):21-57 (2004)

Abstract
The concept of entropy in nonequilibrium macroscopic systems is investigated in the light of an extended equation of motion for the density matrix obtained in a previous study. It is found that a time-dependent information entropy can be defined unambiguously, but it is the time derivative or entropy production that governs ongoing processes in these systems. The differences in physical interpretation and thermodynamic role of entropy in equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems is emphasized and the observable aspects of entropy production are noted. A basis for nonequilibrium thermodynamics is also outlined
Keywords nonequilibrium thermodynamics  time-dependent entropy
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DOI 10.1023/B:FOOP.0000012008.36856.c1
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