Reflection and Reasoning in Moral Judgment

Cognitive Science 36 (1):163-177 (2012)
Authors
Joshua D. Greene
Harvard University
Abstract
While there is much evidence for the influence of automatic emotional responses on moral judgment, the roles of reflection and reasoning remain uncertain. In Experiment 1, we induced subjects to be more reflective by completing the Cognitive Reflection Test prior to responding to moral dilemmas. This manipulation increased utilitarian responding, as individuals who reflected more on the CRT made more utilitarian judgments. A follow-up study suggested that trait reflectiveness is also associated with increased utilitarian judgment. In Experiment 2, subjects considered a scenario involving incest between consenting adult siblings, a scenario known for eliciting emotionally driven condemnation that resists reasoned persuasion. Here, we manipulated two factors related to moral reasoning: argument strength and deliberation time. These factors interacted in a manner consistent with moral reasoning: A strong argument defending the incestuous behavior was more persuasive than a weak argument, but only when increased deliberation time encouraged subjects to reflect
Keywords Moral reasoning  Moral psychology  Morality  Dual‐process model  Reflection  Social intuitionist model  Moral decision making  Moral judgment
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01210.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,507
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 14 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Receptivity, Reactivity and the Successful Psychopath.Erick Ramirez - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (3):330-343.

View all 22 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Moral Reasoning: Hints and Allegations.Joseph M. Paxton & Joshua D. Greene - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):511-527.
Is the Emotional Dog Wagging its Rational Tail, or Chasing It?Cordelia Fine - 2006 - Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):83 – 98.
The Emotional Dog and Its Rational Tail.Jonathan Haidt - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (4):814-834.
Moral Reasoning of Nigerian and Pakistani Muslim Adolescents.M. Maqsud - 1977 - Journal of Moral Education 7 (1):40-41.
Dual Processes and Moral Rules.Ron Mallon & Shaun Nichols - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):284-285.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-08-01

Total downloads
255 ( #18,348 of 2,287,599 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
46 ( #8,165 of 2,287,599 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature