Southwest Philosophy Review 38 (1):51-57 (2022)

Knowledge is analyzed in terms of the cost incurred when mistakes are made — things we should have known better, but didn’t. Following Wittgenstein at the end of On Certainty, an Epistemic Wager, similar to Pascal’s Wager, is set up to represent the cost differences not in belief vs. disbelief, but in knowledge vs. skepticism. This leads to a core class of absolutely certain knowledge, related to Moorean Facts, that is integrated into our everyday lives. This core knowledge is resistant to both radical skepticism, such as a Cartesian Demon, and Gettier style objections, while providing a small, but sufficient base for future epistemological research.
Keywords Conference Proceedings  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
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DOI 10.5840/swphilreview20223816
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On Certainty (Ed. Anscombe and von Wright).Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1969 - New York and London: Harper Torchbooks.
Truth and Probability.Frank Ramsey - 1926 - In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 52-94.
Descartes' Evil Genius.O. K. Bouwsma - 1949 - Philosophical Review 58 (2):141-151.
Descartes’ Evil Genius.O. K. Bouwsma - 1949 - Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Philosophy 2:1122-1124.

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