Laboratory models, causal explanation and group selection

Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):67-96 (1988)
Abstract
We develop an account of laboratory models, which have been central to the group selection controversy. We compare arguments for group selection in nature with Darwin's arguments for natural selection to argue that laboratory models provide important grounds for causal claims about selection. Biologists get information about causes and cause-effect relationships in the laboratory because of the special role their own causal agency plays there. They can also get information about patterns of effects and antecedent conditions in nature. But to argue that some cause is actually responsible in nature, they require an inference from knowledge of causes in the laboratory context and of effects in the natural context. This process, cause detection, forms the core of an analogical argument for group selection. We discuss the differing roles of mathematical and laboratory models in constructing selective explanations at the group level and apply our discussion to the units of selection controversy to distinguish between the related problems of cause determination and evaluation of evidence. Because laboratory models are at the intersection of the two problems, their study is crucial for framing a coherent theory of explanation for evolutionary biology.
Keywords Models  explanation  group selection  experiment  laboratory science
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DOI 10.1007/BF00127629
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References found in this work BETA
On the Origin of Species.Charles Darwin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
The Nature of Selection.Elliott Sober - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):77-88.
The Analysis of Variance and the Analysis of Causes.R. C. Lewontin - 1974 - American Journal of Human Genetics 26:400-11.

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Citations of this work BETA
Confirmation and Explaining How Possible.Patrick Forber - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (1):32-40.
Calibration of Laboratory Models in Population Genetics.Robert A. Skipper - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (4):369-393.

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