Social Science Information 36 (3):541-555 (1997)

Authors
Dominique Lestel
École Normale Supérieure
Abstract
An ethnographic case study of a group of neuro-embryologists is described. We focused on the study of uncertainty management and innovation in the reasoning of those experts, tackling a complex, “ill-structured” problem. The problematics of uncertainty become a tool for investigating the dynamics of distributed reasoning in a natural setting. During the research task, the sequence of predefined methods, which constitute the loosely planned portion of the subjects' cognitive process, is studied: it emerges that the contextual contingencies gave rise to unforeseen strategies. The field study of “thought in action” requires examining the process of problem-generation as well as problem-solving.
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DOI 10.1177/053901897036003008
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Organismic Achievement and Environmental Probability.E. Brunswik - 1943 - Psychological Review 50 (3):255-272.

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