American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):72-74 (2004)

Authors
Frederick Grinnell
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Abstract
I argue that the increase in identification of human subjects as potentially vulnerable provides evidence for a transition in human research practice analogous to changes that have occurred in implementation of environmental policy. More specifically, the increasing identification of subjects as vulnerable corresponds to de facto acceptance of what has been called “the precautionary principle” in environmental policy.
Keywords human research ethics  vulnerability  precautionary principle
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DOI 10.1080/15265160490497416
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References found in this work BETA

Seven Vulnerabilities in the Pediatric Research Subject.Kenneth Kipnis - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):107-120.
Bioethical Pluralism and Complementarity.Frederick Grinnell, Jeffrey P. Bishop & Laurence B. McCullough - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (3):338-349.

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