Exclusions in inclusive programs: state-sponsored sustainable development initiatives amongst the Kurichya in Kerala, India

Agriculture and Human Values 34 (4):995-1006 (2017)

Authors
Abstract
We critically discuss the impact of sustainable development initiatives in Kerala, India, on biodiversity and on women farmers in the matrilineal Adivasi community of the Kurichya-tribe in Wayanad. By contextualizing development programs regarding the specifically gendered access to land, division of labor, distribution of knowledge and decision-making power, we situate our analysis within the theoretical framework of feminist political ecology. We first outline women’s gaining of social and political space in local self-government institutions and then critically discuss the impacts of women’s farming groups. Decentralization and development programs have aimed at empowering women and reducing poverty through improved food security. However, little success has materialized, as patriarchal power structures concerning decision-making processes as well as control over the most valuable resources and traditional knowledge have been maintained. Whereas women’s self-help groups in Kerala have enhanced their position, women’s farming groups, by contrast, have brought little betterment. In some cases they have even downsized women’s management and knowledge of resources related to agriculture and do not integrate or enhance Kurichya women’s knowledge. As some women are now introducing high-yielding rice seeds and fertilizer and as it is impossible for them to control land and get access to traditional rice seeds—the domain of men—we contest the notion of women being considered the preservers of agrobiodiversity. We argue, rather, that the construction and transformation of ecological traditional knowledge is highly dependent on the gendered multi-scaled power structures of state and community.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10460-016-9758-4
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 43,952
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Women, Shelter and the Environment.Filomina Chioma Steady - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (2):163 - 176.
Empowering Children, Disempowering Women.Jan Newberry - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):247-259.
Women's Status and Development in India.K. Murali Manohar & Society for Women'S. Studies and Development - 1984 - Society for Women's Studies and Development in Collaboration with Indian Institute of Public Administration, Local Branch.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-01-25

Total views
3 ( #1,180,654 of 2,266,433 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #848,217 of 2,266,433 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature