Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):741-759 (2011)

Abstract
This article presents an approach to understanding human spatial competence that focuses on the representations and processes of spatial cognition and how they are integrated with cognition more generally. The foundational theoretical argument for this research is that spatial information processing is central to cognition more generally, in the sense that it is brought to bear ubiquitously to improve the adaptivity and effectiveness of perception, cognitive processing, and motor action. We describe research spanning multiple levels of complexity to understand both the detailed mechanisms of spatial cognition, and how they are utilized in complex, naturalistic tasks. In the process, we discuss the critical role of cognitive architectures in developing a consistent account that spans this breadth, and we note some areas in which the current version of a popular architecture, ACT-R, may need to be augmented. Finally, we suggest a framework for understanding the representations and processes of spatial competence and their role in human cognition generally
Keywords Spatial cognition  Computational model  Orientation  Spatial visualization  Cognitive architecture  Reference frames
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DOI 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2011.01153.x
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Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
Unified Theories of Cognition.Allen Newell - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
Metaphors We Live By.Max Black - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (2):208-210.

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