On the possibility of naturalistic and of pure epistemology

Synthese 118 (1):31-47 (1999)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This paper deals with two opposite metaphilosophical doctrines concerning the nature of philosophy. More specifically, it is a study of the naturalistic view that philosophical, hence also epistemological, knowledge cannot be distinguished from empirical knowledge, and of the antinaturalistic view that philosophical, hence also epistemological, knowledge, is pure, that is, independent of empirical knowledge and particularly of the special sciences. The conditions of the possibility of naturalistic and of pure epistemology are studied in terms of phenomenological philosophy. It is concluded that pure epistemology is possible under relatively strong conditions but that the version of naturalistic epistemology which denies the pure basis leads to contradiction. That, however, does not shake the possibility of cognitive science. Following Husserl, we may argue that studies of human cognition are possible on the condition that a first basis is assumed which is not naturalized.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,391

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Naturalistic epistemology for eliminative materialists.Alex Rosenberg - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):335-358.
A Euthyphronic Problem for Kitcher’s Epistemology of Science.Jeffrey W. Roland - 2009 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):205-223.
Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology.Richard Boyd - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:613-662.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
105 (#119,982)

6 months
1 (#451,971)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Leila Haaparanta
Tampere University

Citations of this work

The place of description in phenomenology’s naturalization.Mark W. Brown - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):563-583.
Facts and Values After David Hume.Pentti Määttänen - 2023 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 36 (1):17-29.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Word and Object.Willard Van Orman Quine - 1960 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 (2):278-279.
The naturalists return.Philip Kitcher - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (1):53-114.
Why reason can't be naturalized.Hilary Putnam - 1985 - In Synthese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3-24.

View all 12 references / Add more references