Natural Kinds: Rosy Dawn, Scholastic Twilight: Ian Hacking


Authors
Ian Hacking
University of Toronto, St. George
Abstract
The rosy dawn of my title refers to that optimistic time when the logical concept of a natural kind originated in Victorian England. The scholastic twilight refers to the present state of affairs. I devote more space to dawn than twilight, because one basic problem was there from the start, and by now those origins have been forgotten. Philosophers have learned many things about classification from the tradition of natural kinds. But now it is in disarray and is unlikely to be put back together again. My argument is less founded on objections to the numerous theories now in circulation, than on the sheer proliferation of incompatible views. There no longer exists what Bertrand Russell called ‘the doctrine of natural kinds’—one doctrine. Instead we have a slew of distinct analyses directed at unrelated projects.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S1358246107000203
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,283
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Scientific Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2001 - Mind 113 (450):334-340.
Ways of Worldmaking.Nelson Goodman - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (4):483-485.
Species.Philip Kitcher - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (2):308-333.

View all 25 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Natural Kindness.Matthew Slater - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):375-411.
Scientific Kinds.Marc Ereshefsky & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):969-986.
Unconscious Perception Reconsidered.Ian Phillips - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.

View all 53 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Why Hacking is Wrong About Human Kinds.Rachel Cooper - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):73-85.
A Tradition of Natural Kinds.Ian Hacking - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 61 (1-2):109-26.
Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
Putnam's Theory of Natural Kinds and Their Names is Not the Same as Kripke's.Ian Hacking - 2007 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 11 (1):1-24.
Natural Kinds and Manifest Forms of Life.J. Brakel - 1992 - Dialectica 46 (3‐4):243-261.
John Stuart Mill on Taxonomy and Natural Kinds.P. D. Magnus - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):269-280.
Are Psychiatric Kinds Real?Helen Beebee & Nigel Sabbarton-Leary - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):11-27.
The Natural Kind Status of Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):511-37.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-12-10

Total views
398 ( #13,343 of 2,270,963 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
22 ( #37,385 of 2,270,963 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature