The Relative Moral Risks of Untargeted and Targeted Surveillance

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):187-207 (2014)
Authors
Katerina Hadjimatheou
University of Essex
Abstract
Is surveillance that is targeted towards specific individuals easier to justify than surveillance that targets broad categories of people? Untargeted surveillance is routinely accused of treating innocent people as suspects in ways that are unfair and of failing to pursue security effectively. I argue that in a wide range of cases untargeted surveillance treats people less like suspects than more targeted alternatives. I also argue that it often deters unwanted behaviour more effectively than targeted alternatives, including profiling. In practice, untargeted surveillance is likely to be least costly morally and most efficient when used as a means of enforcing the rules of a specific activity or institution. Targeted alternatives are likely to be more appropriate means of law enforcement
Keywords Surveillance  Privacy  Stigmatisation  Discrimination  Reciprocity
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DOI 10.1007/s10677-013-9428-1
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References found in this work BETA

Racial Profiling.Mathias Risse & Richard Zeckhauser - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):131-170.
Racial Profiling Versus Community.Kasper Lippert-rasmussen - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):191–205.
Shame, Stigma, and Disgust in the Decent Society.Richard J. Arneson - 2007 - The Journal of Ethics 11 (1):31-63.

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