Nominalist Relationalism about Ontological Categories and Forms

In Javier Cumpa (ed.), Categorial Ontologies. Routledge (forthcoming)

In this paper, I first argue for a relational account of the concept of ontological form and its difference from being. The former is explicated by the concepts of character-neutral internal relation and existence or being and that the ontological forms of entities consist in these formal ontological relations in which the entities stand. Secondly, I apply this account to ontological categories and their membership-determination, existence and reality. Here I also defend a relational view that categories are construed as pluralities of entities standing in the same formal ontological relations in the same order. Formal ontological relations are not additional entities to their relata because they are internal relations. Therefore, categories do not exist as entities numerically distinct from their members. Yet their membership is determined by formal ontological relations actually holding among entities. My accounts are nominalist since ontological forms and categories are not universal or general entities of any sort.
Keywords ontological categories  ontological form  mode of being  formal ontology  metaphysics  ontology  ontological pluralism  ontological monism  metametaphysics  metaontology
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