The Fundamentality and Non-Fundamentality of Ontological Categories

In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Jonathan Lowe and Ontology. Routledge (forthcoming)

Jani Hakkarainen
Tampere University
In this paper, I propose a solution to an almost ignored problem in metaphysics and metametaphysics: what is categorial fundamentality and non-fundamentality? My proposal builds on E. J. Lowe’s view on the issue. By means of the newcomer notion of generic identity, I can give an account of something that Lowe did not explicate: the constitution of formal ontolog- ical relations. Formal ontological relations (e.g. instantiation) are internal relations that deter- mine ontological form and category-membership. I argue that categorial fundamentality is hav- ing membership fully determined by a simple formal ontological relation or relations jointly in an order and categorial non-fundamentality is having membership at least partly determined by a derived formal ontological relation in an order. In contrast to Lowe, my proposal does not pre- suppose non-modal essentialism. (Please, ask for the penultimate draft.)
Keywords ontological categories, ontological form  ontological form  mode of being  fundamentality  substance  property  universals  particulars  tropes  modes  monism
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