Taxonomy of Relations: Internal and External

In Daniele Bertini & Damiano Migliorini (eds.), Relations. Ontology and Philosophy of Religion. Verona. Italy: Mimesis International. pp. 93-121 (2018)

Authors
Antti Keskinen
University of Tampere
Markku Keinänen
Tampere University
Jani Hakkarainen
Tampere University
Abstract
In this paper, we discern different types of possible relations. We focus on the distinction between internal and external relations and their various possible sub-types. In the first section, we present what is nowadays more or less the standard distinction between internal and external relations. In the second section, we make two contributions to the literature of internal relations: a new taxonomy of internal relations and a novel distinction between formal and material ontological relations. In the third section, we discuss three distinctions among external relations, in particular the distinction between relata-specific and relata-unspecific relations. We argue that relata-specific external relations are a promising but incomplete solution to the vexed problem of Bradley’s relation regress.
Keywords relations  metaphysics  Bradley's regress  tropes  relata-specific
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References found in this work BETA

Universals and Scientific Realism.D. M. Armstrong - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
If Tropes.Anna-Sofia Maurin - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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